Hardware Blog Posts » Beginners Guide to Computer Hardware

Example of Beginners Guide to Computer Hardware

On below page you shall find Beginners Guide to Computer Hardware Components. I will describe and introduce the basic hardware components you will find in your computer furthermore I will give some personal recommendations about which Computer Hardware Components to choose in order to put together an Awesome Gaming PC.

What is a computer? – Beginners Guide to Computer Hardware

In short computer is an electronic device that takes some data in digital format and processes it. Computer uses a set of rules and instructions to do that work. These rules and instructions are located in the Program to whom computer is doing that work for. Computer also facilitates that Program. So it is a very efficient and resourceful combination of physical components and digital data. In a more basic level the software can be either built into the physical computer hardware components or it can be installed onto the storage device of the computer.

As a result you can watch movies, read books, play games, chat with your friends, listen to music and even more – whatever your mind can come up with.

So in summary a computer is a device that as a combination of Hardware + Software + Human Operator can achieve whatever. I suppose even the Sky is not the limit. 

More Detailed information about Computers and history behind them can be found in Wikipedia

What hides inside a computer? – Beginners Guide to Computer Hardware

Diagram of Computer components
Diagram of Computer components Computer Components Diagram

What makes a Computer? What is hiding inside it and what difference does it make?

Computer consists of many different more or less vital components. It usually is that some components are a bit more crucial than the others but I will talk about that in more detail in the future.

On the Left you can see a Diagram of a Computer inside and its components.

These are all the main components that you can find in your Computer.

List of Computer Components:

  • Computer Case
  • MOBO – Motherboard
  • PSU – Power Supply Unit
  • CPU – Central processing unit or Processor
  • RAM – Random access memory or Memory
  • HDD Drive – Hard Disk Drive or Hard Disk
  • GPU – Graphics Processing Unit or Video Card
  • SSD Drive – Solid State Drive or just SSD
  • Cooling (vent + Radiator)
  • Water Cooling

What is Computer Case? – Beginners Guide to Computer Hardware

Beginners guide to computer hardware - computer case

Computer Case is one of the simplest yet most customised component of a Computer. Technically it is just a box that holds all the important parts of your computer together. There are however reasons why having a Good Computer Case is recommended.

Computer Case will:  

  • Keep your Computer Components safe when just standing or while being moved around
  • Look good (compared to all the loose computer parts in a cardboard box somewhere :))
  • Minimise the amount of dust that gets into your Computer Components

All in all a good Computer Case depends of different needs. Personally I usually prefer a bit bigger cases so that all my Computer Components fit nicely and I have some room to actually move things around. Then again this has given me Big problems as well. Jokes aside, if the case is too big and you actually go to LAN parties (gathering of Gamers to play games together in the same physical location while eating junk food and enjoying some good drinks) it is a major headache to carry that thing around. Sure carrying the case itself is not that much of a problem but you also have to take your Monitor, gaming devices such as Keyboard, Mouse, Controller, cables, and everything else you might need during a weekend with friends.

So yeah – my advice to you: If you move around take a more compact case if mobility is not needed take a nice and large case.

Example of Hardware - What is Computer Case for icon

Types of Computer Cases

Looking into different Types of Computer Cases and cannot seem to decide what should you get? Well look no further. In the below blog post I will explain and describe a bit different types of Computer Cases. What makes Types of Computer Cases different? The most common Computer Case TypeRead More →

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What is Motherboard? – Beginners Guide to Computer Hardware

beginners guide to computer hardware - Motherboard

When Computer Case held all your Computer Components together then Motherboard is technically the centre of your Computer. All the devices that you can see in the Computer 

Components diagram above, physically connect to the Motherboard. Without a Motherboard there will be no Computer. It is as simple as that :). All in all there are 2 different technological paths for Motherboards it depends of your CPU choice. You might ask: What do you mean?

Well since dawn of time (computer history that is), there have been Intel and AMD. Both corporations researched their own technologies and therefor came up with two different technologies for CPU‘s. Currently Intel has their i3, i5, i7 and i9 and AMD has their Razen series CPU‘s. What is the difference you may wonder still? Well i will not go into deep technical description instead the main difference is the Socket ie the connector the CPU connects to the Motherboard. Currently Intel has Socket LGA 2066 and AMD has Socket AM4. 

As I am not a big fan of AMD Components I will concentrate more on Intel.

Example of Hardware - What is Motherboard for icon

How to choose a motherboard for gaming?

What should you pay attention to while wrestling with the important question on How to choose a Motherboard for Gaming? Why would you need to choose a new Motherboard? Well reasons for that are several actually. Motherboard is the point of contact for all the other Computer Components in your Computer. AtRead More →

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What is PSU – Power Supply Unit? – Beginners Guide to Computer Hardware
beginners guide to computer hardware - psu

Power Supply Unit or Power Supply or PSU in short is what powers the whole Computer. It does that by converting the high voltage AC power to low voltage regulated DC power. As there are different voltages used around the world, most of the PSU‘s support 220v and 110v mode. Some recognise the input voltage automatically and therefor switch to the correct mode, some however have a manual switch to change the mode manually.

Warning: connecting PSU with input mode set manually to 110v  to power circuit running 220v WILL RUIN your PSU. That I am saying from my own experience – We usually had all the PSU‘s set to 220v input (Europe – Estonia), but I received some from US and did not notice they had input set to 110v). As soon as I connected it to power circuit – BOOM no more PSU.

There are different types and versions of PSU‘s so do check out the below

What is CPU – Central Processing Unit? – Beginners Guide to Computer Hardware
beginners guide to computer hardware - cpu

What is CPU on a Computer? CPU or Central Processing Unit is the brain of the Computer. Similarly to human brain, CPU calculates and commands different parts of the Computer to do something. CPU‘s have evolved a lot over time.

There are different types of CPU‘s available. As I explained under Motherboards post, there are 2 different types of CPU‘s. Firstly there is INTEL and secondly there is AMD. However as i explained before I will be concentrating on INTEL related technology only. Therefor I will be talking about different types of INTEL i series CPU‘s.

Below you can find out what are the components of CPU and their functions, I will shortly talk on topic: the CPU consists of which two parts? What does CPU stand for in games, and much more.

Example of Hardware - What is CPU for icon

Parts of a CPU – What is Important? – How to choose a CPU

Important parts of a CPU – what do you have to look out for to choose the best one for your needs? The CPU consists of which two parts? Components and their functions. Where is the CPU located? What does CPU stand for in games? Understanding the requirements To choose the best CPURead More →

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What is RAM – Random Access Memory? – Beginners Guide to Computer Hardware

beginners guide to computer hardware - RAM

RAM or Random Access Memory is a type of Computer storage for temporary program data. RAM offers much faster read and write speeds than usual HDD and SSD do. The main purpose of RAM is to keep temporary Program data, while the program is working. As the read and write speed of RAM is quite fast, the programs can access the temporary data faster and therefor perform better. The more data the program has to process the more RAM is required.   

Example of Hardware - What is RAM for icon

How to Choose Gaming RAM in 2018 – What does RAM stand for in Computers?

What does RAM stand for in Computers? and How to choose the best RAM for your Gaming Computer in year 2018? What does RAM stand for in Computers? RAM or Random Access Memory is a type of Computer Data Storage that stores temporary data that Programs use in their operation.Read More →

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Water Cooling vs Air Cooling vs AIO Cooler – Beginners Guide to Computer Hardware
Example of Water Cooling vs Air Cooling vs AIO Cooler - Noctua NH-D15

The More powerful your gaming PC gets the more better cooling it will require. From Beginning you will probably start with the default CPU Cooler, but as time goes on you might consider changing it into something Cooler are more efficient. In general there are 3 different types of CPU cooling:

  • Air Cooling
  • Water Cooling
  • AIO Cooler Cooling
Example of Water Cooling vs Air Cooling vs AIO Cooler

Water Cooling vs Air Cooling vs AIO Cooler – Desktop PC Cooling System

So you have an awesome gaming PC but you are not sure should you put more stress on it, or will it overheat. You are wondering what is the difference between Water Cooling vs Air Cooling vs AIO Cooler. Well lets go though it step by step. Water Cooling vs AirRead More →

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2 Comments

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